Invasive Lionfish Research

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While many invasive species disrupt natural ecosystems by spreading disease or competing for food and habitat, lionfish are particularly problematic owing to their voracious appetites and high reproductive capacities. Lionfish are indiscriminate predators, feeding on over 70 species of fish, invertebrates, and mollusks, and a single lionfish can eat 30 times its stomach volume in one meal.

Additionally, each female lionfish can produce more than two million eggs each year during her average 16-year lifespan, making lionfish a significant threat to native fishes and reef systems throughout the Caribbean and Western Atlantic Ocean, including Bermuda. Lionfish have also been shown to negatively affect recruitment of native fishes to reef ecosystems, and have been linked to indirect effects on reef ecosystems through phase shifts from reef-dominated communities to algal-dominated communities.

Assessing the utility of lionfish traps for preserving biodiversity by managing invasive lionfish populations

This research project, led by the team of Tim NoyesGretchen Goodbody-Gringley, and Leocadio Blanco-Bercial, is funded by the BEST 2.0 Programme (part of the European Union Biodiversity for Life flagship). This project aims to determine the effectiveness of a lionfish-specific trap, developed by the U.S. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and designed to remove lionfish while preserving native fish biodiversity.

Management of invasive lionfish hotspots: conservation of biodiversity on mesophotic coral reef ecosystems in Bermuda

Also funded by the BEST 2.0 Programme, this research project, with lead scientist Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley, aims to demonstrate that targeted removal of invasive lionfish will reduce the pressure on local fish populations, resulting in the preservation of localized reef fish diversity. This project also aimed to promote the creation of a sustainable lionfish fishery through provisions of fresh lionfish to local restaurants and food markets, followed by surveys to determine market demand.

Project Contact

Tim Noyes
Research Specialist


Project Team

Dr. Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley
Director of Research, Distinguished Scientist, Central Caribbean Marine Institute


Dr. Leocadio Blanco-Bercial
Associate Scientist